- What is Substantial Gainful Activity or SGA?
- What does Date of Last Insured or DLI mean?
is the Onset Date?
- What is Past Relevant Work?
- What are work quarters?
- What is an exertioanal limitation?
is a non-exertional limitation?
- What does Social Security mean by sedentary work?
- What does Social Security
mean by light work?
- What does Social Security mean by medium work?
- What is a medically determinable impairment?
following is additional Social Security terms. Click on the question and you will be sent to section of site that
explains the answer.
SSDI and SSI Explanation of Terms and Definitions
Social Security Disability and SSI Definitions.
- For the year 2008 if you earned over $940
a month it will be considered Substantial Gainful Activity or SGA. (For 2009 if you earned over $980 a month.)
DLI is the last date you are insured up to. To get SSDI benefits you must be found disabled before this date.
date of onset (DOD) is the date you became disabled.
- Past Relevant Work is any work you performed in the past 15 years
that is considered Substantial Gainful Activity.
- When you pay taxes from working you pay into the Social Security
System. This is also called credits. You get up to 4 credits per year. You need 40 credits to be eligible
for Social Security benefits. You may need less if you are younger. Work Credits (quarters of coverage) for 2006:
$970 in earnings equals one credit and $3,880 is the maximum earnings needed for four credits in a given year.
To be insured for disability, the worker must be fully insured and have at least 20 work credits during the last 40 calendar
In general, if you have worked consistently you are usually covered for SSDI benefits for 5 years after you
- Exertional limitations are standing, walking, sitting, lifting, carrying, pushing and pulling.
limitations is job requirements that are not exertional. Some examples are mental limitations, handling, fingering,
feeling, talking hearing, seeing, stooping, balance.
- Sedentary Work- Exerting up to 10 lbs of force occasionally and/or a
negligible amount of force frequently to lift, carry, push pull or otherwise move objects. This work involves mostly
sitting but may involve brief periods of walking or standing.
- Light Work- Exerting up
to 20 lbs of force occasionally and/or up to 10 lbs of force frequently and/or a negligible amount of
force to lift, carry, push pull or otherwise move objects. Even if the weight lifted may be a negligible amount
a job should be rated as light if it requires walking or standing to a significant degree or when it requires sitting most
of the time but requires pushing and pulling of leg controls or if production rate requires constant pushing and pulling materials
of negligible amounts.
- Medium Work- Exerting 20 to 50 lbs of force occasionally, and/or 10 to 25lbs of
force frequently, and/or greater than negligible up to 10 lbs of force constantly to move objects.
- A medically
determinable impairment is an impairment (physical or mental) that results from anatomical, physiological, or psychological
abnormalities which can be shown by medically acceptable clinical and laboratory diagnostic techniques. A physical or
mental impairment must be established by medical evidence consisting of signs, symptoms and laboratory findings-not only by
the individuals statement of symptoms.